The ISRO is the government of India’s space agency and its headquarters in the town of Bengaluru (Full Form Indian Space Research Organization). His mission is to “harden national production of technologies while conducting scientific and planetary studies into Space Technology.” In 1962, under the Ministry of Atomic Energetics (DAE) the Indian National Committee for Space Science (INCOSPAR) was set up by Jawaharlal Nehru, urging scientist Vikram Sarabhai to realize that space research is required. In 1969 also under the DAE, INCOSPAR evolved and became ISRO. In 1972, the Indian Government formed the space commission and the space department (DOS), which took ISRO to the Does. This institutionalized space research activities in India with the establishment of ISRO. This Does is handled by the Prime Minister of India.

The first satellite in India, ISRO Aryabhata, was designed and launched on 19 April 1975 by the Soviet Union. The name was given to Aryabhata, a mathematician. In 1980, Rohini was the first satellite to orbit an Indian object, the SLV-3. ISRO subsequently designed two other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for satellite launch into polar orbits and the GSLV for geostationary orbits. Numerous satellites and earth observation satellites also began these rockets. There have been launches for satellite navigation systems such as GAGAN and IRNSS. In January 2014, ISRO launched GSAT-14 with an indigenous CE-7,5 cryogenic engine.

On 22 October 2008, ISRO had sent Chandrayaan-1, a lunar orbiter, discovering lunar water in ice and the Mars Orbiter mission, entering Mars on 24 September 2014 on 5 November 2013. India became the first nation to succeed in its initial Mars attempt and the first space agency in Asia to achieve the orbit of Mars. In one car, ISRO began a satellite operation on 18 June 2016 and in one single racket, PSLV-C37 (PSLV-C37), on 15 February 2017, ISRO set the world record for satellite operation. ISRO launched a GSAT-19 satellite communications orbit on its largest launcher, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III). ISRO was able to deploy 4 tonne heavy satellites into GTO with this mission. In order to study lunar geology and the circulation of lunar vapor, ISRO launched a second Chandrayaan-2 lunar spacecraft on 22 July 2019.

Must Read: NASA – Meet With The Universe Over Us!

The proposals for the future include the development of the Single Launch Vehicle, the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle, the development of a recycled launch vehicle, and the Human Space Travel Mission.

Physicists/engineers ISRO Recruitment 2020: Scientists, engineers, etc, online application revised 7 September 2020 via the ISRO website For great science and technical achievement in aviation, the Indian Space Research Organization has traveled a long way. India has been established in 1962 by the Indian Government as the Indian National Committee for Space Exploration (INCOSPAR).


The Sarabhai Crater was observed on Mare Serenitatis on 30 July 2020 – 2(TMC-2) in the northeast quadrant of the moon onboard ISROs Chandrayaan-2. The Sarabhai crater is one of the lunar mare regions of Mare Serenitatis, which is home to large lava fields forming an almost flat floor. The landing sites of the Apollo 17 and the Luna 21 Missions are to the east and about 250-300 km from the Sarabhai crater.

Sarabhai crater is named after the Indian astrophysicist Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai, who was known as the Father of the Indian Space, Architect, and a distinguished space scientist and physical research laboratory.

ISRO is celebrating the 100th birthday of Dr. Sarabhai. The Optical Elevation Model and the 3D crater view from the TMC-2 images Fore, Nadir, and Aft shows an average deep depth of ~1.7 kilometers from the elevated boundary of the crater and the crater wall average slope of 25 to 30 degrees. This outer area of the Sarabhai crater is occupied by a vast number of small and varying-diameter craters scattered across the flat Mare Plains. The higher rim and gradient inner walls of the crater make the Sarabhai a prime example of how the lava-filled area in the lunar region is affected.


Comments are closed.